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Key Capitol Hill Hearings

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Iaea 29, Iran 17, North Korea 17, United States 16, Washington 14, America 13, Us 12, U.s. 11, Wilson 9, Israel 9, China 7, Rouhani 6, Vietnam 6, Vienna 6, Syria 5, John Kerry 4, Kerry 4, Michael Adler 3, Cia 3, North America 3,
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  CSPAN    Key Capitol Hill Hearings    Series/Special. Speeches from policy makers  
   and coverage from around the country. (Stereo)  

    November 1, 2013
    10:00 - 12:01am EDT  

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i know trying to work and keep the defense department focused and dealing with 3 million americans who serve courageously in that department, i know they count on your leadership and you are doing an outstanding job under very difficult circumstances. 100 100 years. i'm honored by the purpose of the anti-defamation league to , fight for equality and equal justice. this country was founded on the principles. the veryds us of purpose of our democracy and that makes all of you great american patriots. [applause]
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i think i first learned about l when i was in congress and i have the opportunity to be able to learn about it. i stayed with several members of us who stayede of in washington. we stayed together. i think it's fair to say it was animal house on capitol hill. [laughter] one of the members as pointed out in the photograph was chuck schumer, someone you all know and has a tremendous passion for israel. the bottom of the house in this living room area and we made a bed. i tried to get him to say a hail
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mary and he made me say the shema. we tried to cover all the bases and we did. i learned a lot from him. the reason i guess i isticularly appreciate because i am the son of immigrants. daughter,ur the son, grandchildren of immigrants. that story we know well. my parents came to this country in the early 1930's. we had very little money, knew very little english, few skills. islandme through ellis and managed to make their way to my hometown of monterey.
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why did he travel all of that distance leaving poverty in the area of italy they came from? why would you leave all that to come to a strange land? said to me it was because your mother and i believed we could give our children a better life. that is the american dream. but is what we want for our children and hopefully our children will want for there is. streams are just dreams. as my father used to say. unless you are willing to work for it and sacrifice, unless you are willing to take risk and willing to fight for what you believe in. those are the values that they passed on to me.
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they had to make their way in a strange society. my dad decided to start a restaurant in downtown monterey during the war years, tough times. my parents believe that child labor was a requirement. after the war, this'll the restaurant, moved out and we continue to reside there. anda they walnut orchard were used to be underneath collecting the walnuts. when i got elected to congress my father said i had been well- trained to go to washington because i had been dodging knots all my life. nuts.ging [laughter] from my parents, hard work, sacrifice, commitment,
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dedication, fighting for what , those are achieve what make america great. those who are willing to respond to the trumpet, the call to service that helps preserve our democracy for the future. this dinner and anyways honest people who have answered the basic call a public service you have been asked to serve your community with your philanthropy and, more importantly, with your time, your commitment, with your energy. award,, as i accept this i would like to share it with all of those who have served with me in my different capacities because it is their
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service and their commitment that made whenever i was able to achieve happen. my own personal commitment to public service bus from my and my who said i, brothers, oh do something back to the country for what they had given them. somehing back to the country. learning what it meant to be in order toacrifice accomplish a difficult issue. whothe young president said, ask not what you can do for your country -- what this country can do for you but what you can do for this country. that is what inspired me and it's why i went back to washington as a young legislative assistant. ultimately the reason i headed
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up to the u.s. office for civil rights, it was tough disaggregating schools in the south was not easy. the people in the office for civil rights were dedicated dedicated to a comp showing the task of giving kids an equal education. -- dedicated to accomplishing the task of giving kids an equal education. they said they were going to back off of strong civil rights enforcement. i had to make a decision. do i uphold the law or back off of my principal? ini fight for what i believe or do i sacrifice my job? i lost my job. but i have never regretted the decision is standing for what
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you believe in. [applause] i went back to monterey and public service was still in my veins so i ran for congress and served a terms of the congress. eight terms. it was a different congress. el.er tip o'neill, bob michae we just honored tom foley the other day, speaker and a majority leader. republicans and democrats work together. toy work together to try solve the problems facing this country. yes, they had their differences. yes, they had their politics. when it came to issues affecting the country, they worked together for the common good and that's the way our democracy should work. [applause]
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clinton asked me then to take over the office of management and budget. the good people there helped work with me and precedent to develop the clinton economic plan. as a result of that and as a result of the work that was done on budget summits and agreements, we ultimately balance the federal budget. remember that? we balanced a federal budget and it was done because people were willing to work together to be able to accomplish that. when i returned to monterey after that service, my wife and i started the panetta institute because we wanted to inspire young people to get into public life and public service. that's the heart and soul of our democracy. 2009, the trumpet sounded again for me. president obama asked if i would consider running the cia.
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i have to be honest with you. i was in that first but then i looked at the challenges we were facing in this nation. two wars, the war on terrorism and 9/11, the al qaeda leadership, hiding in pakistan, theiruing to spread influence in their effort to try iran,ack this country, north korea, the nuclear programs moving forward. i came back to federal service and returned to washington. object is. two major one was to restore the credibility of the agency that had been badly damaged and that is what the president asked me to do. second was to disrupt, dismantle, and ultimately defeat the terrorists to attack this
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country on 9/11. of cia is made up professionals. they are not republican. they are not democrats. they are political. public servants, good americans, who come to work every day looking to do what's best for this country to keep america safe, to keep america safe. that's the key. that's the key to what the cia and intelligence agencies are all about. the president also asked that i go after bin laden. at that time, the trail was pretty cold. we had a team at langley responsible for the mission and i asked for weekly updates. , we learned how
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difficult it would be in the struggle to try to find bin laden and his leadership. on number two, al- zawahiri. we had an asset and we were theg to meet along afghanistan-pakistan border. we've are going to meet with him, a doctor who said he could lead us to zoller here he -- al- zawahiri. we arrived at the base and just out of the car, feet, the asset
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detonated an explosive vest with ball bearings that tore through the compound and through the ages that were there. he was a double agent and had learned our offices -- had lured our officers into a deadly trap. feet, the asset detonated an explosive vest with ball bearings that tore through theit killed seven agents. it was a bitterly cold january day and we stood at attention as the seven flag-draped coffins were loaded off of a c-17. those of people who gave their lives in order to protect this country and it gave us the inspiration to do everything we bin laden. after we got the break that we wanted and the team followed a group of careers. we found this compound in abbottabad, eight times larger than anything in the area, nine feet high wall, seven foot high on the third level. residents who never left, had the telephone, conducted
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in highly secure ways, a mysterious family living on the third floor. after a great deal of surveillance, we came to the conclusion that there was a strong possibility that bin laden was there. i can remember when the president went around the rim and ask whether or not we ought to conduct that operation. i said i have a very simple test, mr. president, i have often used in politics. ask the average citizen. , about the what i do intelligence on bin laden, that this was the best intelligence we had a sense tora bora, what would you do? i think the average american would want us to conduct that operation. the president, to his credit thomas said we should. the mission was a oh.
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-- to his credit, he said we should. it was a go. and conduct of that operation with great skill and great determination. they sent a message to the world -- nobody attacked the united states of america and gets away with it. [applause] frankly, i thought it was time to get the hell out and go back home. again, the president asked that i would serve as secretary of defense. 3 million people, 2 million in uniform, huge bureaucracy, but very dedicated people and we want to keep america safe. we were able to accomplish a bringing the drawdown
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in afghanistan, working with our nato allies to get rid of .addafi we implemented unprecedented sanctions and pressure on iran uniting the world against the nuclear ambitions in making clear that they must not close the strait of hormuz and not developing nuclear weapons. as chuck said, we clearly should negotiate about whether they are serious. we have to maintain a healthy skepticism. it is the supreme leader that is .he key -- the supreme leader they are not likely to agree to give up enrichment. therefore, we must remain strong. thatst remain consistent they must never, never be able to develop a nuclear weapons and
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that we may very well have to use military force to back up our policy. [applause] together to make sure that everyone would have the opportunity to serve in our military. that's what this military is about, giving everyone the opportunity to serve when they want to, men, women, regardless , peoplel orientation who want to serve this country ought to have the opportunity to serve it in uniform and they do now. [applause] and we strengthen our alliance with israel. as chuck said, we continue to support israel. in 1991hat first trip
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when hundreds of thousands of werefrom the soviet union fulfilling the dream to live a more free and prosperous life. and directorf cia of defense, i believe deeply in our obligation to maintain close ties with israel so that we could confront our common enemies together. working closely with ms. saud, sad, andak, -- mous others. over the course of time, we did everything we could to make sure that they would have the wherewithal to be able to provide for its security. better friend, no better ally in the world they on israel. [no audio] -- [applause]
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today, and i will share sense thats that i whether it is out of exhaustion over the last 10 years or fear of being embroiled in another , there is a growing mood of isolationism in this country. is that this remains a very dangerous world. we are fighting a war. we continue to confront terrorism. now nodes in yemen, somalia, molly, through north africa-- mali, north africa. a threatue to have from north korea as they test nuclear weapons.
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we have stability and fragility across the middle east. we have rising powers that pose unique challenges, like russia, that continue to challenge our policies. we are witnessing a new battlefront and warfare called cyber and i do believe that cyber could very well be the pearl harbor of the future so we need to protect ourselves from that as well. all of this happens at a time when we are imperiled by the gridlock in washington. when we muste maintain our military strength as a world leader.
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we cannot retreat from the responsibilities that the united states has in the world of today. [applause] i will tell you something. if you ask us when our biggest threat united -- to national is noty is today, it being able to come together to deal with the station's problems. [applause] this gridlock imperils our national security. let me tell you. chuck knows this firsthand. as a result of sequester, as a result of the shutdown, we are hurting our military readiness in this country. we're making it much more difficult to respond to a major crisis outside of the war zones. the shutdowns and the threats to financially default this country have sent a message of weakness to the world.
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it could be avoided if our leaders came together and made compromises necessary to govern the country. public0 years of service, i've seen washington at its best and washington at its worst. but even though i see a washington that is dysfunctional .oday, i've also seen it work republicans and democrats coming together to protect our country. it can happen again but our leaders have to be willing to take risks. the real strength of america, the real strength, lies and the american people, lies in those men and women in uniform who are willing to put their lives on the line in order to protect
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this country. that is where the real strength of america lies. [applause] let me end by telling you the story of one family that took the risk i just talked about. 2012, afghanistan, third battalion, sergeant first an armynjamin wise, ranger on his fourth deployment struck by enemy fire and he died several days later in germany. he left behind a wife, two sons and a daughter. as was my practice, and one of the toughest things we do as secretary of defense, is to write a handwritten note to the parents of those who have lost loved ones.
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letter different as i realized it was the second time i had written to this family. then the brother, jeremy, was one of the seven cia officers who died at the bombing in december 2009. these are the families sacrificing for our country. if they are willing to make the ultimate sacrifice, to fight and die in order to protect this our politicaly leaders can find a little bit of that courage in order to govern this nation. [applause] a few months after i visited the base, i remember that on the
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wall was a verse from the old from the prophet isaiah that they had up on a plaque. the saying is this. and then i heard the voice of the lord saying, whom shall i send? who will go for us? and then i said, here i am. send me. also, send me. under the call of the trumpet. the call of the trumpet, the call to service. call to serveless and sacrifice and it binds us in a very sacred mission. adl as lead that mission and
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i want to thank you from the bottom of my heart, not just for this award but for what you do in fighting discrimination so that in immigrant kid from monterey could grow up, live the american dream, be secretary of defense for the greatest country the world has ever known. thank you all for what you have done for america and for the world these past 100 years. god bless this country and god bless all of you. [applause] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2013] [captioning performed by national captioning institute] span, the chief-
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of the iaea talks about his organization's role in nuclear safety around the world followed by remarks from secretary of state john kerry about free trade and later, a panel discussion with u.s. trade representative michael froman and the ceo of caterpillar and bmw north america. agriculture secretary tom vill sack is our guest this week on "newsmakers." it talks about the farm bill and ongoing negotiations. the house version of the bill calls for $40 billion in cuts to the food stamp program over the next decade and the senate $4 billionld cut by in the same timeframe. watch the full interview with agriculture secretary tom vill sack sunday at 10:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. here on c-span.
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>> john foster dulles had recently died when the super airport out in chantilly was being built and president eisenhower immediately announced it would be called dulles airport. when kennedy took over, he did not want to name it after a warrior andold finally the decision was made to name it after him. the film clip of kennedy opening the airport with eisenhower there, allen dulles, and he pulls back the curtain and behind it is this giant bust of john foster dulles and it stands in the middle of this big airport. went to see it when i was writing this book and i could not find it. i asked where it was and no one had even heard of it. it was a long process. finally, thanks to the washington airport authority, i was able to find that it had been taken away from its place in the middle of the airport and
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it is now in a closed conference room off us it baggage claim number three. -- opposite of baggage claim number three and i find this is a great analogy how for the exemplifieders had earth shattering power and have now been forgotten and airbrushed out of our entire history. >> john foster heading the state and allen at the cia, they lead over covert operations for a big portion of the cold war. find out why the ramifications can still be felt some 60 years kinzer sundayphen night at 8:00 on c-span's "q and a." >> what's the most important issue congress should address in 114? that is the prompt for the student cam competition. include c-span video and varying points of view to win the grand
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prize of $5,000. we have doubled the number of winners and total prizes. entries must be in by january 20, 20. for more information go to studentcam.org. energyrnational atomic agency spoke today at the wilson center about monitoring national -- nuclear programs in iran and north korea. following this, the inspector general spoke with reporters. >> good morning. welcome to the wilson center. a special welcome to yukiya amano of the international atomic energy agency. i'm the executive vice president.
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modern technology kept jane harman on the tarmac in new york city, or rather, laguardia airport, for over two hours this morning. she has just landed and will be here shortly. she will make a closing comment. she apologizes, but we wanted to get started. the wilson center is a public- private institution created by an act of congress and serves as the official, national memorial to the 28th president. we tackle global issues through independent research, open dialogue, and actionable ideas. we seek to provide safe political space for addressing key public policy issues. nuclear proliferation issues international history project is a global network of individuals and institutions engaged in the study of international nuclear history through archival documents, oral history, interviews, and other impure goal sources. the wilson -- empirical sources.
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the wilson center has followed the nuclear talks on iran especially closely, and recently had two international ground troop briefings on these talks, conversations with experts in the field. we are very proud to have michael adler on the podium here is a senior scholar at the wilson center. michael was the correspondent in vienna covering the iaea for years. michael will moderate today's session. digi amano is here to help us understand the iaea, help us understand how it is helping preserve the nuclear nonproliferation treaty's grand bargain. he is uniquely qualified to do so. his career spans 36 years in the
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japanese foreign ministry, and he has served with the iaea since the 1990's. he played a key role in securing an agreement should to -- to shut down chernobyl's unit number three as chair of the g7 nuclear safety roup in the year 2000 -- group in the year 2000. please join me in welcoming director general amano. director general amano will speak briefly, and then michael adler will have a dialogue for our guest, preserving have the time for your questions. thank you for coming to the wilson center this morning. director general? [applause]
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>> good morning, everyone. it is a great pleasure to me to be invited and given the opportunity to speak to you. i had meetings with some high u.s. officials yesterday, and today i'm delighted to meet michael again, whom i know very well, and michael knows very well about the iaea. four years have passed since i joined the iaea in 2009. today i would like to explain a little bit about the activities of the iaea. [indiscernible]
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the iaea is known as a nuclear watchdog, especially in media. i would like to say that the iaea's activity is much more extensive than a nuclear watchdog. we are a very unique stakeholder. for example, cancer is a very serious problem in developing countries. some people think that cancer is a problem in developed countries. 2000 deaths by cancer occur in developing countries. many countries in africa do not even have radio nuclear therapy machines in their country. they come to the clinic too
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late, and it is not possible to provide life-saving treatment. this is very unfair. i am insisting that cancer control in developing countries should be established as a global health agenda. the nuclear technology can save lives in developing countries. everyone knows that food shortage will be a serious problem. here, too, nuclear technology can contribute by accelerating plant mutation. we can prolong the shelf life of food, or we can eliminate the
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toxicity of the food. water can be better managed by analyzing the aquifer by using nuclear technology. the iaea has a huge project in sub-saharan countries to better understand the water resource. if i keep on talking about these things, it becomes endless. i stop here. the point is that iaea has the technology. we have the function. we encourage people to use it safely. iaea is a unique player to contribute to the promotion of millennium development and its follow-up.
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i never thought there would be such a huge nuclear accident during my tenure in japan. i had to use a lot of time and energy to address this issue. if you have interest, i would come back to this issue. the iaea adopted an action plan to enhance the safety of nuclear power globally. the action plan is now implementation. nuclear plants are safer now. despite the belief or expression of some people, many countries continue to improve nuclear power as an option. we are providing a regular report on iran, syria, and a dpr
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case. the rain in -- iranian nuclear issue is a very complicated one. every country needs to imply had the comprehensive safeguard -- implement the copperheads of safeguard -- comprehensive safeguard. for example, united nations security council. this is standard. all the countries, including iran, need to abide by. by this standard, i can say that
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the material and facilities placed under safeguard in iran are staying for peaceful purpose. there are additional protocol and other obligations not implemented. they give assurance. we had long negotiations with iran in recent years. on october 28 and 29th of this month, we had a meeting with iran. after the coming of president
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rouhani, we had carefully observed -- we had a meeting. we had two meetings, on the 28th and 29th. we did have a very productive meeting. if you have interest, i will come back to this issue. on syria, in 2011, i drew a conclusion of the facility that was destroyed was very likely a nuclear reactor. we are very confident that our conclusion is correct. no follow-up has been made so far. we also need to understand that syria is in a very difficult situation. iran is the most important and
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only issue. seeing from tokyo, or asia, this issue is also a very serious issue. in one sense, the situation is worse because they have expelled all the inspectors and detonated nuclear weapons. one positive thing in that, there is a dialogue. it is dynamic. it is not functioning now, but countries are working formally and informally to reactivate this process.
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the iaea is ready to send back our inspectors, and we believe we have an essential role to play in the verification of de- nuclearization of the korean peninsula. iaea has multiple objectives. it is a technical organization. we are working in a very highly political environment. now i will stop and be happy to converse with michael. thank you very much. >> it is an honor and privilege for me to be hosting mr. amano, one of the first people i interviewed when he was japan's ambassador just over a decade ago. we have remained friendly since then. he has stamped iaea with his own
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style, one of talking and calling it like it is. in that spirit, i hope we can have a good session with my questions and with the audience's. this meeting which you had with the iranian deputy foreign minister, and then there was a meeting of the two sides. the atmosphere of the talks, you said, was better. the question is, when will we see concrete progress, such as a visit to the site? >> we had that meeting with iran on the 28th and 29th of october. this is the second meeting
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between iran and iaea after mr. rouhani became president. the first one took place at the end of september. it was a get to know each other meeting. the last meeting was a very political meeting. it was productive, and there was some positive development. the important thing, there was a change. there was some change of tone, yes. there has been a change of tone since the coming of president rouhani. iran and the iaea agreed to resolve all the present and past issues through cooperation and dialogue.
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iaea and iran are now working on the new proposal. we carried forward at the november meetings. by no means, it means the end of the process, and much more needs to be done. this is where we stand now. >> you say there was real progress made. you have several key demands. the problem is that a site which was once a container in the open now has a shed over it. they have asphalted over the ground. the question is, it will they finally let you go there. the other question which you differed from them, you wanted
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to be able to go back and ask questions at any time. iran once one file to be closed, you move on, you cannot go back to the file. those are substantial issues which get to the heart of your being able to be affected. will you be able to be effective on those issues and on others? >> the first question is about the site. this is a part of the issue which we call it issues of dimension. in the report i issued in 2011, we have identified 12 areas where we need verification from iran. that site is one of these 12
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areas. we have agreed that all the issues will be resolved, and the access to parchin will be part of the process. we are now working on other issues. regarding the question as to whether we can go back to the place again or not, we have not discussed that much in details at this time. the basic agreement is that we
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will resolve all the issues through cooperation and dialogue. this is very important. >> i wish you luck going forward, and i hope you can make some progress. another question about iran, are you currently inspecting iran in a full enough weight to be able to detect any breakout effort to make enough weapon grade uranium for a bomb? could iran do this in a two-week period? >> we are quite confident that we can find any changes, any deviation in a reasonable amount of time. for if there is any facility not nuclear, we don't have that assurance. >> since you have not been
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applying judicial protocol since 2006, would they be able to be hiding things from you elsewhere? >> it is essential and helpful for us to have a better understanding. the implementation of additional protocols will give us more confidence on the peaceful nature of iranian activities. >> the advanced centrifuges which they installed, they have not put nuclear material in them yet, as of the last report. how good are those centrifuges? do you think they will work? >> we do not know yet. they are not operating.
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the main purpose of our inspection is not to verify how effective they are. the main objective is to verify that the material and facilities stay in peaceful activities. >> regarding pmd, which is a huge sticking point, is the agency's aim to uncover details of all alleged activities, or simply to verify that iran is no longer engaged? >> we are seeking clarification unto iran. we would like to clarify the present and past activities. how far we can go and how far weekend attack, it depends. -- we can get, it depends. it is essential that iran
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cooperates with us to clarify these issues. >> if iran cleared up the past, would they get some sort of amnesty? there would not be measures against him for this, it would be one step going towards a deal, or would there have to be some kind of sanction? >> in resolving the iran nuclear issues -- there are two roots. one is on the iaea wrote. -- route. these routes are different, independent, and separate. in the route between iran and iaea, the main focus is on that verification. we would like to see the implementation of more timely provision of information, which is called modified implementation of modified code 3.1.
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it means timely information about iranian nuclear activities. parties that attend these talks are iran and iaea. on the other hand, eu-3 dialogue is dealing with possible lifting of sanctions, possible limitation of enrichment activities. the parties involved are different. russia, china, and the united states. they are negotiating with iran. an important meeting will take place on the seventh and eighth of november next month. >> as you pointed out, the two
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tracks are separate from each other. hasn't iran said very clearly that there can be no progress in vienna until there is progress with the p5+1, and doesn't this inject a politicizing of the iaea? >> i have not heard that since president rouhani started. sometimes there was indications, sometimes there was no indication. i can tell you that after the coming of president rouhani, we had a meeting, but we have not had this linkage.
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>> that would be a truly substantial change, if that is the case. >> i think so. there is some substance in the new proposal by iran. we would like to carry it forward in the next meeting on the 11th of november. >> you arrived in washington and met with secretary kerry and susan rice at the white house. what are they telling you about how they see popes -- hopes for progress and iran, and the iaea and how they feel you are doing? >> i have met with secretary kerry, and susan rice. we have discussed the iranian nuclear issues, certification, with support to the peaceful activity, a wide range of
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issues. i sense a strong support of the activities of the iaea. the diplomatic purpose is not to talk about the ongoing discussions. >> did they give you any idea about the upcoming talks in geneva? >> not much in -- i take into account a discussion that just took place in vienna. p5+1 is preparing for the next meeting. i don't have much to report unto you on this issue. >> two quick questions.
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the first is on syria. have the site been affected by the civil war? is there a place you can go to do proper verification? >> in syria, we have a so-called reactor that has some small amount of enriched uranium that is under iaea safeguards. we visit that facility regularly. that facility is staying in peaceful activities.
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>> and then the other three sites yo? >> we hunting and things. one is the syrian nuclear facility and that is safeguarded. other one is under safeguarded. of a is another issue located in aility different place. we came to the conclusion that it is very likely that it was a nuclear reactor. a nuclear reactor does not exist independently. we have some interest in
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verifying that there are three facilities and that they are not under safeguarded. no association was there to have access to them. we have not yet had access to the facilities. are fort know how they now. >> have many of them been inspected? >> i don't know. >> my last question. you explain the situation in north korea very well. returns,en the iaea what would be the verification approach given that continuity of knowledge has been lost? what is safeguarded inspection be enough? would you return to north korea additional tools for protocol for a wider inspection? >> according to the united , north korea has to
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implement all iaea safeguards. that north korea has declared to have withdrawn from the treaty. arguments.ome the reality is north korea is not acting as a member of the mpt. it is it is clear that north korea has withdrawn from the iaea and north korea's not a member of the iaea. so in order to do any activities in north korea, we need the first political agreement among major states, and we need consent from the board of governors of the iaea.
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what can we do with respect to north korea? i think the first step we can take is a small step. perhaps we can send back our inspectors to where there exists a nuclear facility. it would just be a small step, but i think it would allow for a meeting. when we had our inspector up there in 2009, and now we continue to monitor. >> thank you very much. i would like to open up to questions from the audience. members of the press, please hold your fire, we will get questions from you later.
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state your name, affiliation, and please ask the question, we do not have much time. no speeches. >> thank you very much. one of the goals is to secure against more intrusive inspections by the iaea. what would these more intrusive inspections involve? what would you need to do that you're not doing now? >> this is the issue of one of the paths, where i cannot give an answer. it basically means measures
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contain an additional protocols. it is verification measures of the more comprehensive safeguards agreement. , including more additional protocols. sometimes it is immediate. did i answer your question? >> more or less. >> thank you, director general amano. welcome to the wilson center. the discussion up to now has been on specific countries of concern.
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more broadly, looking at there will be an expansion of nuclear energy, for energy security reasons, and because it is the primary source of low carbon energy going forward. howl that expansion of nuclear -- how will that expansion of nuclear energy, not withstanding the setbacks that there has been in the -- in japan, but more broadly, how can that expansion be accomplished without creating proliferation risks? and what does that in turn mean for the iaea's mission and resources? >> according to our latest estimate, there will be an increase in nuclear power, and it would be an increase of 17% to 19%.
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we foresee a great increase in nuclear power. it is a in -- what does it mean? an increase in the workforce. therefore we are doing the best we can to maximize without risk. he cannot expect a big increase in funds in the coming years. another very important thing that we are doing in different countries is to recommend them
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to follow a step. embarking on nuclear power is a huge project, it requires huge participation. it means to strengthen nuclear infrastructure, the ratification of major international conventions, established regulatory bodies, training people, and have a good selection of sites and technology. we have identified 19 steps to prepare for the embarking on nuclear power, in 16 of these countries. -- and we are assisting these countries.
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we are not encouraging or encouraging the use of nuclear power, but if we continue to use it, they must used it safely, securely, and without increasing the risk of proliferation. by these efforts, i hope that we can use nuclear power without bringing the risk of proliferation. >> good afternoon, mr. amano. diplomat.red can you speak to the nature the iaea's contacts with the israeli officials? senior and not official? >> we have regular contact with them in vienna and israel. they sent some senior staff to
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the general conference. that is the most important meeting of the iaea, in september. they have also been there when i have attended some other meetings, such as the munich conference, where i've had contacts with the senior officials of israel. we have had regular, normal contact with israel, and i believe that is helpful to have good communication with israel. >> i will come back to you in a second. back there. >> thank you. i'm from the partnership for global security. i want to ask if you could speak to the iaea's role in the nuclear security process, and how that has developed over the
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years, and where you see that going following what we expect to be the last summit in washington in 2016? thank you. >> the first big event for me after i joined the iaea was to attend the nuclear security summit held in washington in 2009. i was tasked to make a presentation in front of president obama, and i was excited, and i was frightened, and i wasn't sure if i could survive. [laughter] after that, i regularly attend the securities conference, and we make our input. the iaea has a central role in strengthening nuclear security. we have the capacity to analyze, and we have information in our database.
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we have information on the illicit trafficking of radioactive materials. information is very important. we have helped countries by capacity of equipment, and training people. through all of these efforts, we can strengthen our nuclear security in a concrete manner. we can make input into our nuclear security summit, and the summit participants can give guidance and instruction in their own countries to strengthen nuclear security.
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one of the other areas that we are focusing on, is entry into the amendment on the convention of the protection of nuclear material. we call it cppmn. convention itself has entered into force. it is applied onto the sea transports. this expands in scope. on land, it can be covered under
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this convention. we are promoting the entry of the amendment, and we believe that we can enhance, we can send strengthen -- strengthen the amendment. iaea has held a meeting in july of this year, the summit was one of the biggest meetings of the iaea, and we have continued to hold these conferences, and we will strengthen our nuclear community. >> hello, welcome to washington. my understanding of the uranium proposals is that they want to keep the facilities they
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currently have an build even newer infrastructure. in return, they would provide more transparency. is that your understanding, and would you be monitoring the iranians 24/7 with remote cameras? >> live streaming back to vienna? >> yes. >> in the iaea iran route, we are not discussing that much in details at this stage. we have agreed to resolve all of the issues through cooperation and dialogue, all of the issues current and past. we have brought forth a proposal based on step-by-step work, and substance.
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we are working toward that november 11 meeting. we will see. >> thank you. good to see you. i have a question about special instructions. the agency, as i understand, does have the option to it -- to conduct a special investigation. with a special military dimension, has the agency considered this? could it be useful in resolving current and past questions about those activities? on technical cooperation, the agency provides a lot of technical cooperation to state
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including nuclear energy. what steps is the agency taking to ensure that that technical cooperation does not provide assistance to nuclear weapons programs? for instance, pakistan has heavy water operations, and has used uranium mining to produce plutonium. what is the assurance to make sure that that cooperation does not indirectly create the manufacture of nuclear weapons? >> we are giving these cooperations to the facilities that are under safeguards. for the countries that have not embarked on nuclear power, we
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are asking them to adhere to the conventions that establish a safeguard system -- regulatory system, and help them in every way to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons. for the special inspections, certainly special inspections is available under the iaea comprehensive safeguard agreement. it has conditions, and we can call for special circumstances, and in the case of north korea, and romania, the case was a bit different, but it was like other cases in which we have called
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for special inspections. >> was that successful with north korea? >> we called for special inspection, -- >> negative reaction. in the middle, please. >> thank you. justin anderson. director general, i wonder if you could comment on the general state of health from your perspective and from the iaea's perspective of the protocol, which is a framework and has been implemented with specific countries. the approach of the protocol has been around for a few years. how do you feel that it has worked in strengthening your ability to safeguard nuclear materials? if there is anything you would
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change in terms of the diplomacy part of it or the technical or scientific aspects of that, what would you seek to change? thank you. >> the immediate object of of us in the near future is to universalize the protocols. we are working on expanding the applications and implementation. when i joined the iaea in 2009, there were 93 countries that implemented the protocol. now 121 countries are implementing the protocols. additional protocols are essential to exclude the possibility of undeclared activities. we would like to see more countries that would adhere to the additional protocols.
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where else we could do more or not, i think that the priority for us is to universalize or expand the number of countries that implement the initial protocols. >> unfortunately, because the questions are excellent, we will break off questions now. >> our dear leader, jane, will speak. >> dear leader references are a little uncomfortable, but i -- i'm jane harman. before becoming president and ceo of the wilson center two and half years ago, i served as a
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member of congress for nine terms. i met with you in vienna as part of a delegation in january 2010 just after you have -- had assumed the responsibility as director general. we in congress at the time knew three things about you, and they still apply. number one, we know how confident you are from your years as chair of the board of governors of the iaea. number two, we knew about your straight talk. everyone in this audience has heard that. number three, we knew your willingness to take strong actions. all of which are essential as the iaea goes forward in an extremely dangerous world. you described three countries and there are probably others that could be on a longer list. you honor us by making the wilson center your only public stop after a conference since the election of president rouhani. you have let us ask questions.
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there is michael adler who contributed so much, right? trying to understand sound policy choices. i want to thank you and remind everyone that one president wilson accepted that the nobel peace prize in 1919 by letter, he wrote that the cause of peace will be a continuing labor. almost 100 years later, the cause of peace is a continuing labor and a reason that i hope we will make progress. we have the iaea under very strong leadership, your leadership, thank you and thank you all for coming. [applause]
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>> this concludes our program. thank you to the inspector general for coming. it was a great pleasure. great session. we have a press conference here. the press could come forward. thank you very much. >> thank you. i'm from japan. first of all on north korea, how do you feel as inspector going back to pyongyang? >> how close?
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>> yes. and one more question on [indiscernible] and investigating contaminated water? thank you. >> regarding the question of when iaea will go back to north korea, we do not know. the reason is in order to go back to north korea, we need basic political understanding and peace among the major stakeholders. based on the basic understanding, we can take action.
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you may recall that north korea is not a member of the iaea. when the iaea has a reception for the country that is not a member, we need a vote from the board of governors. nevertheless, the iaea secretary is prepared to go back any time. we have maintained a level of training. when there is political agreement, we will seek the authorization from the board. the staff is ready anytime to be back. the next question on sending -- of the iaea related to the contaminated water, we are planning to send them in autumn.
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that is the iaea mission on their commissioning. it covers contaminated water issues. in november. i'm sorry. the date is almost decided, but i do not have the latest information. it is the end of november. >> thank you. >> hello. i'm with tokyo broadcasting system. there are a lot of commercial satellites. do you share that assessment? can you elaborate on the iaea assessment on what is happening in pyongyang and how you concerned you are with the status quo?
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>> we are aware of the media reports and observation findings of the satellite imagery. we are also following the issue through various means. because of the nature of the issue, i am not able to discuss it and i hope you understand that. >> i'm from the new york times. at the last meeting, it was noticed there was a positive tone. atmospherics was good. it was agreed that it was a kind of meeting that required follow- ups and eight will happen next -- and that will happen next week. it seems that in the iaea's dealings with iran, it will result in follow-up. what people are waiting for is to find out whether the positive tone will yield concrete,
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specific steps that results in increased monitoring or something strange on the current activity. from your perspective, from the iaea perspective, what concrete, specific steps would you like to achieve in the upcoming weeks and months that would signal progress in dealing with iran? something that went beyond atmospheric and positive discussions. >> for us, it is important that the additional photo call would be implemented. some issues would be verified. -- and the additional protocol would be implemented. however, in practical terms, not everything can come overnight.
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some have a proposal that contains some substance. we are working on that. and our carriage is for the november meeting. >> a quick follow-up. the iranian step-by-step priorities and how the process should work, do you think that is a correct way to perceive? to have your own ideas of how to proceed? is that what remains to be discussed? >> our view is that there should be some basic agreement on all the issues, past and present, should be resolved.
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that is all of the issues that i mentioned. it should be clarified and implemented. -- that is a process. we are working on them. the majors will include transparency, clarification.
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>> you mention you cannot get into details. is this a make or break moment in terms of diplomacy with iran? in the administration hearing, there has been a call to not to freezeanctions, but to further sanctions. i realize the iaea has a different role. this is the time to be freezing additional sanctions? >> we think we are in a very important period. we have been negotiating for quite a long time. negotiations went around in circles. after the coming of president rouhani, we saw -- now we see some substance. we need to work seriously and constructively to work out an
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agreement. regarding the question about sanctions, the iaea is -- it is handled by the united nations security counsel. the sanctions is not under the confidence of the iaea. >> thank you, director general. i'm a vietnamese-american. would you share with us the data we have on the nuclear capacity of china?
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we are recognizing its global power. moving forward is the most important factor that the u.s. and the whole world knows where china is an its nuclear capacity and intention. vietnam is also getting into nuclear energy and not power. vietnam has tremendous problems with all that. is there anything you can suggest with me and him to put you can suggest to vietnam? to get more into nuclear energy? thank you. >> i sense by 2030, there will be an increase by 17% at the
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minimum and 90% of the maximum. the center of expansion is in asia, and more specifically, china, india, and south korea. it is very clear that asia is the center of expansion for the use of nuclear power. i understand china is very serious about safety and security. china and iaea are in" -- are in close operation. regarding vietnam -- we are working closely. we have worked together. i have visited other countries.
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ambassador of vietnam is now the chairman of the board. we have been supporting and will continue to support vietnam in their nuclear infrastructure to embark on nuclear power. >> thank you. i'm with al jazeera network. you may recall the red line said by the israeli prime minister at the u.n. regarding the ability of iran to produce a nuclear weapon. based on the expertise available to your agency, if the iranians were to decide to produce nuclear weapons, how far do you think they are from achieving that goal? if i may have a second shout out >> i do not understand your
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question. >> do you have any assessment that if iran were to produce a nuclear weapon, how long would it take to do that? second question on the issue of sanction, do you think any easing of the sanctions now would create a more positive atmosphere for negotiations between your agency and iranians? thank you. >> well, these two issues -- unfortunately, these are not my field. how long it will take for them to build a new go question was one of your questions. our function is to how to -- we are not providing [indiscernible]
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i hope you understand our function. also, regarding the sanctions, we do not have a lot of sanctions. what we do is send the inspectors to the ground. we verify and we share the information with member states to facilitate a decision by the member states. the iaea and iran had some constructive meetings. we reported to the member states and media to give countries to make their policies.
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>> last question. >> hi. i would like to have a question. regarding the proposal for the process to build a mutual confidence, at this point, do you expect the iaea to be involved in the verification process? >> iaea has been involved in the verification from the beginning. we are in charge of the verification of nuclear activities of iran and other countries and will continue to do so. as i mentioned, there is a
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different route. our main focus is on -- verification. >> ok. thank you all for coming. >> thank you very much. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2013] [captioning performed by national captioning institute] >> on the next "washington journal" we discuss national security agency surveillance and intelligence programs for gathering information within the u.s. and abroad. author and global strategies managing director michael allen. fda recentat the recommendation to tighten the policy on painkillers, the most frequently prescribed drugs in the united states. we are joined by very -- barry meier. "washington journal" here on c-
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span. c-span, we bring public affairs offends from washington directly to you, thank you in the room at congressional hearings, white house events, reviews and conferences, and offering complete babel to gavel coverage of the u.s. house, all as a public service of private industry. c-span, created by the cable tv industry and funded by your local cable or satellite provider. you can watch us in hd. secretary of state john kerry spoke today at a white house summit on business investment. secretary kerry spoke about the administration's stance on free trade and the state department role in foreign business investment. it was cohosted by the u.s. commerce department and select usa. this is 35 minutes.
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>> leads welcome to the stage any pritzker. -- please welcome to the stage penny pritzker. [applause] >> good morning. i hope everyone had a great first day. [cheers and applause] i went to start with a big thank you to the select usa team in all of the folks who have made this summit happen. let's give them a big round of applause. [applause] it was great to hear from president obama yesterday. he said when you bet on america, that that pays off. -- that bet pays off. i could not agree more. he also announced that the select usa program will be stepping up its game in a number
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of ways. attracting business investment will be a major priority for commerce and the state department, including our foreign commercial service officers and our ambassadors. senior government officials, including the president himself, would do more than directly advocate for investment deals. we will create a single point of contact to provide you with a coordinated federal support and cut the red tape. and we will do more to support the great work of the economic development organization at the regional state and city level. to provide a sports analogy
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it'll serve as a quarterback for increasing business investment in the united states. in addition, i should note that the president once again calls for congress to provide full funding for select usa in his budget. select usa already provides a great bang for the buck. the response to this summit shows that we can and will be doing much more to help you succeed. we want to capture the energy and turn your conversations into united states investments. on another note, i want to be clear that we are listening to that leaders of this community more than ever before. i am pleased to announce an important example of our commitment to listen to you. let me give you a little bit of ground. -- background. since 2004, the commerce department has received value
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advice on how to support american manufacturers. the fabric of american manufacturing has expanded. there are many representatives in this room. the fact is foreign owned u.s. space manufacturers now support 1.7 million jobs in the united states. the share of our foreign investment dollars for manufacturers has grown to 45%. in many cases, these manufacturers have become the economic anchor of local communities across the united states. however, these businesses have not had a seat at the table to help us strengthen american manufacturing until now. i am pleased to announce that we are revising the eligibility criteria to allow them to serve on our manufacturing counsel. [applause]
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thank you. we want to hear all of the good ideas for strengthening american manufacturing and create even more jobs. i want to say thank you the organization for the investment and members to bring this issue to the forefront. let's turn to the agenda for day to. -- day two. after this morning's keynote speaker who i will introduce the moment, you will hear from the ceos of caterpillar and bmw, north america. using u.s. operations as a platform to take advantage of our free-trade agreements. in fact, were than 20% of the united states exports comes from subsidiaries based abroad. the next panel will demystify
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the united states market. it features a mix of top leaders on the business, academia, and association. we will have two sets of breakout sessions ranging from development to securing working capital and financing for your investment here. we will have a discussion on the exhibition floor on how to take advantage of service providers. for right now, let's get to this mornings keynote speaker. i am honored to introduce the secretary of state, john kerry. he is a proud son of a decorated former foreign service officer. as a young man, he served two tours of duty in vietnam and received a bronze star, silver star, and three purple hearts.
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he served as a top prosecutor at the county level in massachusetts and went on to be elected to be governor. two years later, he was elected to the united states senate where he served for 28 years. the last four of those years he served as the chairman of the senate foreign relations committee. in fact, he has been a leader and virtually every foreign- policy issue for the united states over the past three decades. this year, he became the first sitting chairman of that committee in over a century to become secretary of state. two weeks ago, i was honored to travel to asia with secretary kerry where you push key
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initiatives like the trans- pacific partnership. he has knowledge and global reach in this leadership position. ladies and gentlemen, let's give a warm welcome to a national hero, a man who he would dedicate his life to serve the united states in a tireless and can do way and is dealing with the tough issues that face our world. please help me welcome my friend secretary of state, john kerry. [applause] >> good morning. thank you. thank you very much. thank you for an extraordinary introduction. based on the introduction, i accept the nomination.
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[laughter] only kidding. i'm out of that now. i tell you, a couple of months before i was out of the job of being secretary stay, i'm still serving and the u.s. senate. i was walking through the airport one day and you notice when those fellows have that recognition, hey, you! does anybody tell you look like that kerry guy that we sent to washington? i say, i get that all the time. kind of makes you mad, doesn't it? [laughter] it is fine by me. i'm really happy to be here. i'm honored to be introduced by penny. who is a very good friend. she was very involved with me in
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2004 when i ran for president. i'm very grateful for the effort and energy that has gone into making this first summit such a success. no one who knows her will be surprised by that. everything that she has done in business and philanthropy and the public service has always been a success. she is a dynamic ceo. you can feel the energy and leadership she is bringing to the commerce environment. she's a fabulous partner and i am thrilled by it. i'm very happy to have her there. i heard written introduction -- her in the introduction. we had a chance to go out and break bread together. she reminded me of the story of her dad who started a family
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business with one motel out in los angeles. she went on to spansion cisco -- san francisco and it grew to six and everyone knows the hyatt. we are so proud of penny and glad she's stepping back from the private sector to give us the energy and dynamics that we need. her leadership of select usa is one of the reasons that this effort has the potential to grow our country and to grow all of yours for those of you who are here and visiting from so many other countries. we welcome you here. this in the biggest reason select usa will make a difference is frankly, all of you. a group of very capable business leaders, people who are hungry, who understand the dynamics of the marketplace and to our ambitious and come here with a vision for nearly 60 countries
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around the world and from all across the united states. i said in my confirmation hearing when i was selected to become secretary of state, i said to the senators and former colleagues that in many ways, foreign-policy today is economic policy. leaders in government need to understand that. there is a synergy and importance to this relationship that cannot be denied. i think many of you are here because you understand this new marketplace that we are all operating in. voracious, huge appetite. very fast moving.
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we wanted you to come here to select usa as the umbrella that is hosting this event. we believe deeply and are convinced based on our feelings in the world and exposure in the world without arrogance or chauvinism that there is no better place in the world to invest than right here in america. there is no better time to do it in many ways than right now. some of the growth and development of the last few years has equalized in some places so that manufacturing -- the number of manufacturing jobs here, we are growing again. it is competitive again. make no mistake, as we look ahead to the trends that will define this new age, the factors that will determine which countries thrive as well as which businesses thrive in this competitive marketplace, i think it is crystal clear that the united states is going to
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continue. it is the nature of our economy. not because we are superior or better. it is the nature of how we have grown and where we come from from the industrial revolution all the way through. the 1990s and the tech explosion. we will continue to lead the world in both innovation and education because of the nature of our communities and the structure and the openness with which they operate. i believe that people will have access here because we will continue to work hard to make sure that we have the most qualified workers one of the largest consumer market in the world. again, i do not say any of this with one bit of arrogance. i say it because that good news for america is also good news
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for the world. it is good news for you and your businesses. you know the importance of the american economy in terms of driving china's economy and other economies in the world. their importance is driving other economies in the region and elsewhere. it is a principle reason why we should invest in here. it is a top priority at a level unlike any before. you're sitting here in the heart of the most open economy in the world. the u.s. is the largest recipient of direct investment. manufacturing was mentioned. we have about 5.6 million total good paying american jobs contribute in close to when chilean dollars to our economy -- $1 trillion to our economy that comes from foreign direct investment. that
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that is why manufacturing, or energy companies for many of countries are setting up shop here in the united states every day. our trade agreements are built on the premise and shared prosperity, we have deals that go both ways. those create good paying jobs all over the world. they offer american firms unprecedented global access. it also opens our doors and our markets to foreign firms. this is the direction of the world. this is the way the world is going to move. those who understand it in those who move that rapidly to embrace the higher standards and the openness are those who will be
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able to take advantage of the new marketplace and be leaders in the global economy. no one can put the genie back in the bottle. we have a great nafta debate in other struggles. free trade versus this sort of old order, if you will. every single time we move forward in that openness and every single time we have embraced one of those agreements, we have done better. we have transitioned. not always without disruption or location, but with new great to the and innovation and new jobs. i want you to measure what we have done with our neighbors, canada and mexico. we have opened up north america through nafta, the greatest single step toward shared disparity in this hemisphere. we know we do not have to share a border in order to share a business. it is why we have free trade agreements with 20 countries
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from chile to morocco. 700 million people and $7 trillion in gdp. none of that alone would make the united states the best place to invest if we do not also focus on our workers and make sure that we are doing as much as we can to try to have the best workers and the most skilled and productive that we can in the world. that is true in part because we work hard to make sure we can train them at the best schools and universities. a lot of effort was into that. we reach out to bring the brightest minds and the best talent from all over the world. many of you know and many of you probably were educated in the united states. i cannot tell you how many heads of state and finance ministers throughout government, heads of state and chief executives who i
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need as i travel the world as a senator to go to school who participated in educational exchanges and the fulbright program, meet them everywhere. foreign ministers in saudi arabia who has been foreign minister for 30 years or more. he proudly reminds me of his education at princeton. and another showed me a photograph and said this was you and me 25, 35 years ago when i met you at a law of diplomacy school when you were a senator. many immigrants know that the american dream is not restricted to those born in america.
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if you go to miami, chicago, san francisco, any major city in america, you will find a community that speaks your language and understand your culture and welcomes diversity and can serve as an anchor for your next venture. it is not just the big cities. you heard it from secretary pritzker and president obama. success stories. indian manufacturers expanding plants in upstate new york. singapore companies extending their supply chain to texas. german multinationals creating jobs in small towns in kentucky. investing in suburban ohio. south african energy firms investing in southwest louisiana. that is not in the future, that is now. there is no question that the
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united states is lucky to be able to offer the world's best climate today. as obama has made it clear that we are going to work at it even harder. it is about the future. we will refuse to sit still. a world is getting more competitive, but so are we. capital chases capital. i'm confident we will continue to get stronger and be more effective. select usa is a big reason why. as you heard yesterday and during the week that we are working hard now to make it easier for you to be able to invest here and making that effort is a much bigger part of our mission, especially now at the state department.